Resource Based Waste Management

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    (Resource Based Waste Management)
    Author: xxThrough subsidiaries, Waste Management provides waste reduction consulting, collection, transfer, recycling, conversion, resource recovery and disposal services to residential, commercial, industrial and public-sector customers throughout North America. We serve over 21 million customers with environmentally sound management of solid wastes and the transformation of waste into usable resources. We publish a detailed sustainability report every two years. This report updates our 2012 Sustainability Report, providing full-year data for 2012 and 2013 and discussing key developments in 2014 where information was available prior to publication. Notes on the scope of the data are included with the data charts or in endnotes. This report covers Waste Managements wholly owned operations, all of which are located in North America. An Appendix to this report, containing a wealth of supplementary information, can be found on our website. We focus our reporting on the following themes, which we have identified through internal and external consultation to be the most material: Focusing on our customers sustainability needs Reducing and recycling wastes generated by others Converting waste into renewable energy, fuels and chemicals Managing our waste treatment, materials processing and disposal facilities to exceed regulatory obligations Serving as responsible stewards of the land We routinely engage with stakeholders to re-evaluate the sufficiency and appropriateness of our goals and reporting
  • Waste Management Options and Climate Change
    (Resource Based Waste Management)
    Author: Alison Smith, Keith Brown, Steve Ogilvie, Kathryn Rushton and Judith BatesThis document is the final report of a study undertaken for the European Commission Environment Directorate General by AEA Technology to assess the climate change impacts of options for municipal solid waste (MSW) management in the EU. The study covers the fifteen member states of the European Union and the time horizon 2000 to 2020. The study is intended to inform developing EU-level waste policy, in terms of climate change impacts only. Climate change impacts are only one of a number of environmental impacts that derive from solid waste management options. Other impacts include health effects attributable to air pollutants such as NOx , SO2 , dioxins and fine particles, emissions of ozone depleting substances, contamination of water bodies, depletion of non-renewable resources, disamenity effects, noise, accidents etc. These environmental impacts are in addition to the socio-economic aspects of alternative ways of managing waste. All of these factors need to be properly considered in the determination of a balanced policy for sustainable waste management, of which the climate change elements are but one aspect. The study is not intended as a tool for municipal or regional waste planning, where local factors, such as the availability of existing waste management facilities and duration of waste management contracts, markets for recyclables, geographic and socio-economic factors, will exert the dominant influence. The study assesses climate change impacts in terms of net fluxes of greenhouse gases from various combinations of options used for the management of MSW. The waste management options considered are: Landfill of untreated waste, Incineration, Mechanical biological treatment (MBT), Composting, Anaerobic Digestion (AD) and Recycling.
    (Resource Based Waste Management)
    Author: N. K. Gakungu, A. N. Gitau B. N. K. Njoroge M. W. KimaniAbstract:Technical training institutions in Kenya continuously produce solid wastes which are not disposed of safely, effectively or economically. The result is accumulation of garbage from the institutions which cause pollution and unsightliness and thus impact on the living standards in the institutions. This study examined the generation, collection and disposal of solid waste in the public technical training institutions by quantification of the various components of solid waste generated and evaluation of the attitudes of the people responsible for generation and management of waste. From 42 technical training institutions, a sample of 29 institutions (73%) was selected for study. It was established that the 29 institutions generate about 23 tons of waste per week composed of mainly vegetable and food remains (82%). Other waste includes plastics, papers, ash, metals and glass. It was also established that the cost of waste management in the institutions is dependent on both the waste generated and the institutional population. The cost of planning and managing the waste ranged from Ksh 0.13 to 0.59 /week/student while per capita waste generation ranged from 0.28kg/week/student to 0.71kg/week/student. In order for the institutions to effectively manage the solid waste, Boards of Management should incorporate waste management in their institutional planning. This can be achieved by ensuring that collection and disposal are carried out on a planned basis and allocating adequate human and financial resources.
  • Productivity Commission 2006, Waste Management, Report no. 38, Canberra.
    (Resource Based Waste Management)
    Author: PETER COSTELLOAustralians generate solid waste at a high rate compared with most other OECD countries. Technologies and processes to avoid, reduce and recover waste are generally not used as extensively in Australia as in some other OECD countries. Non-optimal levels of waste represent lost value and opportunities, while imposing undesirable economic and environmental costs on society. The objective of this inquiry is to identify policies that will enable Australia to address market failures and externalities associated with the generation and disposal of waste, including opportunities for resource use efficiency and recovery throughout the product life cycle (from raw material extraction and processing, to product design, manufacture, use and end of life management). The inquiry will cover resources associated with solid waste, including: municipal waste (eg household collections, electrical and consumer items,) commercial and industrial waste, and, construction and demolition wastes. It will not cover wastes that exhibit hazardous characteristics and pose an immediate and unacceptable risk of harm to human beings or the environment.
  • Best Management Practices For Hospital Waste
    (Resource Based Waste Management)
    Author: Washington State Department of EcologyThis guide suggests ideas and steps you can take to manage wastes generated in your hospital properly. Hospitals can generate large amounts of dangerous (hazardous) wastes. If not managed properly, dangerous waste can pose threats to your safety, and public safety, and can damage the environment. Proper management of chemicals and wastes can help prevent serious consequences of catastrophic events or accidents. Your hospital is most likely already doing some, but not all, of the best management practices suggested in this guide.
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