A Compilation of Green Economy Policies, Programs, and Initiatives from Around the World
Author: World Resource InstituteThe purpose of this compilation is to highlight examples of "Green Economy" policies, programs, and initiatives taking place around the world. In recent years, the concept of the Green Economy has emerged as a potential remedy to some of the key market and institutional failures that characterize the conventional development model, and as a more effective pathway to advancing economic, social, and environmental goals. Green Economy in the context of poverty eradication and sustainable development will be one of two specific themes discussed at the Earth Summit 2012 (Rio+20), the other being the institutional framework for sustainable development. While broad consensus on how to define the Green Economy is still emerging, it is nonetheless possible to survey the rapidly proliferating international landscape of case studies under the Green Economy banner and identify their contribution to sustainable development. There are various ways to categorize these case studies by geography, by broad sector of the economy, by policy approach (e.g., taxation, expenditure, regulation), or by type of sponsoring institution. This compilation provides information on each, but is organized primarily by sector and geography in order to illustrate the diversity of actors and approaches across the globe. Each example is categorized into one dominant economic sector, although it is recognized that many of these case studies promote Green Economy objectives in more than one sector. In this compilation, not every Green Economy sector is equally represented. Nor is the list exhaustive or comprehensive. The case examples presented here were selected to reflect geographic diversity, and are limited to those examples with demonstrable benefits in each of the three sustainability domains economic, social, and environmental and those with clear links to public policy. The case examples in this compilation are organized first by sector and then by geographic location. Each example provides a brief description of the case study and identifies specific policy changes that made it possible. The compilation also discusses major economic, social, and environmental outcomes. At the end, the compilation provides important links for more information about each case example. The compilation is a work in progress that will be supplemented as new Green Economy initiatives unfold in the years ahead.