Governance

Results: 1 - 10 of 35
  • NEEDS FOR THE GREEN ECONOMY
    (Governance)
    Author: Publications Office of the European UnionEnvironmental challenges raise serious concerns for the welfare of current and future generations. Responses should be driven by independent but commonly reinforcing policies for environment, energy, transportation, employment, and training. International organisations are joining their forces to help realise the potential for green jobs with the participation of employers and employees. The initiative New skills for new jobs: anticipating and matching labour market and skills needs, launched by the European Commission (1 ) responds to the Councils (Education, Youth and Culture, November 2007 and Employment, Social Policy, Health and Consumer Affairs, June 2008) and European Council (December 2007, March 2008) requests to the Commission to present a comprehensive assessment of future skills requirements in Europe up to 2020 and to propose further steps to anticipate future needs. Strengthening international cooperation with global partners is crucial to address the impact of climate change and the economic crisis.
  • WORKING TOWARDS A BALANCED AND INCLUSIVE GREEN ECONOMY:
    (Governance)
    Author: First published in December 2011 by the United Nations Environment Management Group. © 2011 United Nations all rights reserved worldwideA green economy is an approach to achieving sustainable development. It requires breaking away from resource-intensive growth models, a transformation of consumption and production into more sustainable patterns and increased value added created and reinvested in resource-rich supplier communities in the developing world. The context for this approach is the increasing resource intensity of consumption in developed countries even though their production is becoming less resource intensive, which implies the shifting of environmental impact to other countries through international trade. At the same time, the resource intensity of both consumption and production in developing countries may increase in absolute terms in their industrialization process. These trends tend to exacerbate resource constraints and break the planetary boundaries.
  • A Compilation of Green Economy Policies, Programs, and Initiatives from Around the World
    (Governance)
    Author: World Resource InstituteThe purpose of this compilation is to highlight examples of "Green Economy" policies, programs, and initiatives taking place around the world. In recent years, the concept of the Green Economy has emerged as a potential remedy to some of the key market and institutional failures that characterize the conventional development model, and as a more effective pathway to advancing economic, social, and environmental goals. Green Economy in the context of poverty eradication and sustainable development will be one of two specific themes discussed at the Earth Summit 2012 (Rio+20), the other being the institutional framework for sustainable development. While broad consensus on how to define the Green Economy is still emerging, it is nonetheless possible to survey the rapidly proliferating international landscape of case studies under the Green Economy banner and identify their contribution to sustainable development. There are various ways to categorize these case studies by geography, by broad sector of the economy, by policy approach (e.g., taxation, expenditure, regulation), or by type of sponsoring institution. This compilation provides information on each, but is organized primarily by sector and geography in order to illustrate the diversity of actors and approaches across the globe. Each example is categorized into one dominant economic sector, although it is recognized that many of these case studies promote Green Economy objectives in more than one sector. In this compilation, not every Green Economy sector is equally represented. Nor is the list exhaustive or comprehensive. The case examples presented here were selected to reflect geographic diversity, and are limited to those examples with demonstrable benefits in each of the three sustainability domains economic, social, and environmental and those with clear links to public policy. The case examples in this compilation are organized first by sector and then by geographic location. Each example provides a brief description of the case study and identifies specific policy changes that made it possible. The compilation also discusses major economic, social, and environmental outcomes. At the end, the compilation provides important links for more information about each case example. The compilation is a work in progress that will be supplemented as new Green Economy initiatives unfold in the years ahead.
  • FRAMEWORK FOR A GREEN ECONOMY TRANSITION T O W A R D S A L O W - C A R B O N, C L I M A T E - R E S I L I E N T A N D R E S O U R C E - E F F I C I E N T C I T Y
    (Governance)
    Author: C I T Y O F T S H W A N E F R A M E W O R K F O R A G R E E N E C O N O M Y T R A N S I T I O NTo date, the worlds economy has been resource intensive and economic development has often led to increased poverty and a widening of the gap between the rich and the poor. Traditional economic growth strategies and approaches have undervalued ecological goods and services, which form the basis of all economic activity. A green economy, on the other hand, aims to improve the efficiency of natural resource use so as to improve human well-being and reduce ecological scarcities and environmental risks. This document, the final draft of the Green Economy Strategic Framework for the City of Tshwane (the Strategic Framework) aims to provide a strategic guide for low-carbon, equitable economic development that can enhance Tshwanes transition to a green economy and facilitate a sustainable development path. This section outlines how the green economy concept developed in response to the worlds growing need for sustainable development. It provides a national and provincial perspective to better outline how a green economy can be achieved, and describes a policy that can facilitate the transition to a green economy.
  • THE GREEN ECONOMY BOON OR BANE?
    (Governance)
    Author: Dhaka BangladeshOver the last couple of years, the word Green has been found in a prolific use from a biological chlorophyllous colour pigment to an economy wide implication. Traditionally, Green is used to represent the Nature. With an increased attention to environment for the last few years, in response to mounting threat of climate change, it is not surprising to call for a holistic nature oriented approach that could equally protect environment as well as livelihood. However, skeptics are also large in number, who have been showing their reservations in this much widespread use of the word Green based on antiquated ethical question whether it is going to become a new shrewd approach for industrialized countries to accumulate wealth or it is really useful to protect our over-degraded nature?
  • PASTORALISM AND THE GREEN ECONOMY
    (Governance)
    Author: ©2014 International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, United Nations Environment ProgrammeThe Green Economy concept has recently gained significant traction due to mounting global fears over multiple crises of climate change, energy, food and financial systems. Transitioning towards a Green Economyan economic system in which material wealth does not increase environmental risk, ecological scarcity or social disparitywill require growth strategies in which production and consumption does not continue to come at the expense of natural capital and social equity. In the livestock sector this requires a three pronged approach: reduced consumption of livestock products; greening the intensive system as much as possible; capitalising on the inherent sustainability of pastoralism for local, regional and international markets. Three principal elements are essential to understand the role of pastoralism in delivering sustainable outcomes: (i) the contribution of pastoralism to the maintenance of natural capital; (ii) pastoralisms resource efficiency and sustainable production in highly variable dryland environments; and (iii) the conditions that enable pastoralism to deliver on its green economy potential. The objective of this study is to review the state of knowledge on these elements and reveal the key priorities for enhancing pastoralisms role within the transition to a Green Economy.
  • Adapting to climate change through land and water management in Eastern Africa
    (Governance)
    Author: FOOD AND AGRICULTURE ORGANIZATION OF THE UNITED NATIONSThe Eastern African region (which includes Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania) is highly vulnerable to climate change and several of its major sectors (notably agriculture) that significantly contribute to the sub-regions economies are at risk. About 80% of the population in East Africa depend on agriculture, which contributes to 40% of the sub-regions GDP. Climate change will significantly affect the agricultural sector in ways that without adaptation will ultimately reduce yields of subsistence crops, cash crops and the livestock sector. Areas already facing water scarcity are predicted to become drier and thereby cause associated disputes and conflicts. The Eastern African highlands are also vulnerable to a range of climate-sensitive diseases including malaria, dengue fever, meningitis and rift valley fever-whose increased incidence and spread is driven by climate variability and will affect livelihoods.This publication presents the results of the project activities in Ethiopia, Kenya and Tanzania, which are in line with many of the core principles identified by FAO-Adapt (FAO, 2011a) such as focus on food security, mainstreaming climate change into local and community development, support to country driven process and design and implementation of location-specific adaption activities. The increase in resilience to climate change is being achieved through adoption of technologies which improve soil health and fertility and facilitate water conservation, through better diversification of sources of livelihood and income, and backed by strong institutional networks. From these pilots, it is clear that adaptation should be perceived as a continuum of approaches, ranging from activities that aim to address the drivers of vulnerability to measures explicitly targeting climate change impacts. It is still early to determine the full effectiveness of the activities, but even within the short project period (two years), the findings show improvements in food security and livelihoods, which contribute to increasing the farmers resilience to climate change.
  • Migration, Environment and Climate Change: assessing the evidence
    (Governance)
    Author: Frank Laczko and Christine AghazarmThis book focuses on seven key areas of research relating to the topic of migration, the environment and climate change, covering issues such as data challenges, research methods, sudden environmental and slow on set events, and policy responses. The focus is not limited to climate change as much of the research literature tends to focus on migration and the wider concept of environmental change. The book is mainly focused on the impact of environmental/climate change on migration given the current policy interest in this issue, but it is recognized that there is a considerable body of literature on the impact of migration and refugee movements, on the environment (see Bilsborrow Chapter 3 in this volume). This book offers a selective review of key research to date on the topic of migration, the environment and climate change within the aforementioned themes. It examines the existing evidence with respect to the ways in which changes in the environment and climate change are affecting the movement of people and the types of policy responses and protection gaps which potentially exist. Furthermore, it offers an overview of innovative approaches to measuring and collecting data on the migration and environment nexus
  • Climate variability and climate change and their impacts on Kenyas agricultural sector
    (Governance)
    Author: Mario Herrero,1 Claudia Ringler,2 Jeannette van de Steeg,1 Philip Thornton,1 Tingju Zhu,2 Elizabeth Bryan,2 Abisalom Omolo,1 Jawoo Koo,2 and An Notenbaert1This document was produced as an output of the project Climate change adaptation for smallholder agriculture in Kenya funded by The World Bank and executed by the International Food Policy Research Institute, the International Livestock Research Institute, the Kenyan Agricultural Research Institute and the University of Georgia. The objective of this report is to provide an assessment of the impact of climate change and variability on the agriculture sector and economy of Kenya as an initial task to devise adaptation strategies for smallholders in selected agro-ecological zones of the country. The following tasks were carried out: 1. a review of the historic performance of the Kenyan agricultural sector under varying climate 2. climate variability and climate change impact analyses with special reference to Kenya 3. assessments of the impacts of climate change on crop yield, production, and livestock yield and numbers using crop and livestock simulation models 4. assessment of the wider effects on the economy using IFPRIs IMPACT model
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    (Governance)
    Author: Frank Laczko and Christine Aghazarmtext

 

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