Results: 1 - 10 of 31
  • Energy, Climate Change & Environment
    Author: International Energy AgencyThe historic Paris Agreement on climate change sets the course for a fundamental transformation of the global economy over the next decades. The Agreements overarching goal of limiting global average temperature rise to well below 2 °C will entail profound changes in the global energy system. Achieving the deep cuts in global carbon emissions that this vision requires is no small task given the enormous challenge of implementing and eventually exceeding current country climate pledges. This publication examines key sectors, technologies, and policy measures that will be central in the transition to a lowcarbon energy system. It addresses the following questions: n What are the roles of coal and gas in meeting the stringent decarbonisation requirements for the power sector consistent with IEA modelling of global climate goals? n What are moderate carbon prices accomplishing in the electricity sector, and how can they be helpful as part of a package of other policies? n Where are the opportunities for expanding renewables and energy efficiency, and what policies and regulatory frameworks are needed to boost these low-carbon energy sources? n How can state-owned companies, which produce a large share of global GHG emissions but are also major developers of clean energy, be encouraged to play a more effective role in the energy transition? This report also looks at building climate resilience in the energy sector, and the use of tracking tools and metrics to monitor the progress of energy sector decarbonisation. Finally, it provides global energy and emissions data, including interregional comparisons and in-depth analysis for ten regions.
  • 2020 vision: Saving our energy
    Author: European Commission: The European Union is facing unprecedented energy challenges. These are the result of its increased dependence on energy imports, as well as concerns about supplies of fossil fuels and the effects of climate change. Nevertheless, Europe continues to waste at least a fifth of its energy, just through sheer inefficiency. And this is despite the fact that saving energy is by far the most effective way to simultaneously improve security of energy supply and to reduce carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Saving energy also helps to foster economic competitiveness and to stimulate the development of leading edge markets for energy-efficient technologies and products. EU Heads of State or Government have stressed the need to increase energy efficiency, and the EU intensified its efforts as the European Commission presented in October 2006 a wide-ranging action plan for energy efficiency. The action plan outlines a framework of policies and measures designed to realise the estimated savings potential of over 20 % of the EUs annual primary energy consumption by 2020, compared with the business-as-usual scenario. The plan also looks to reinforce Europes position as a world leader in energy efficiency. It intends to mobilize the general public, market actors and policymakers, transforming the EU energy market so as to provide citizens with the most energy-efficient infrastructure, buildings, appliances, and means of transport possible. Realizing the EUs energy-saving potential will indeed require far-reaching changes in the way energy is consumed. A paradigm shift is needed in the way society behaves, so that Europeans use less energy while still enjoying the same quality of life. Producers will have to be encouraged to develop more energy efficient technologies and products, while consumers will need stronger incentives to buy such products and use them rationally. Europeans need to save energy. Europe wastes at least 20 % of the energy it uses. By saving energy, Europe will help address climate change, as well as its rising consumption, and its dependence on fossil fuels imported from outside the Unions borders, said EU Energy Commissioner Andris Piebalgs as the Commission presented the action plan. Energy efficiency is crucial for Europe: if we take action now, the direct cost of our energy consumption could be reduced by more than EUR 100 billion annually by 2020; around 780 million tonnes of CO2 will also be avoided yearly, the Commissioner pointed out.
  • RE thinking Energy 2017
    Author: International Renewable Energy AgencyRenewable energy is a fundamental and growing part of the world's ongoing energy transformation. Governments all over the world are joining that consensus. The use of renewables is their prime choice for enhancing access to ašordable, reliable and cleaner sources of modern energy services. More than 170 countries have established renewable energy targets, and nearly 150 have enacted policies to catalyse investments in renewable energy technologies. Many are looking to partner with an increasingly active private sector. Recent studies by IRENA and its partners have shown clearly that renewables are competitive, attractive to investors and creating millions of new jobs. They present a compelling business case. This edition of REthinking Energy, the third in IRENAs series, examines the dramatic changes under way in the energy sector in many countries. Among them is the growing maturity of the renewable energy market, coupled with technology advancements and policy refinement. Together, these developments provide an opportunity to develop an energy system that underpins sustainable development objectives. The foundations exist for accelerating the global energy transition, but ešorts need to step up to achieve long-lasting change. Policy commitments still need to be strengthened, additional investments catalysed, and technological innovation fostered if new markets are to be geared up, eciency enhanced and costs driven down even further.
  • Energy Efficiency Indicators: Essentials for Policy Making
    Author: International Energy AgencyCountries around the world are increasingly aware of the urgent need to transform the way they use energy. Concern over energy security, the social and economic impacts of high energy prices, and growing awareness of climate change have led many countries to put greater emphasis on developing policies and measures that promote energy efficiency. Two things have become increasingly clear: Ensuring better use of global energy resources will require policies that encompass a wide range of options. There is a growing recognition that improving energy efficiency is often the most economic, proven and readily available means of achieving this goal. Establishing and maintaining sound policies requires the availability of goodquality, timely, comparable and detailed data that go well beyond those currently included in energy balances, and which reflect the distinct characteristics of economic activity and resources available in each country.The goal of this publication is to provide the necessary tools for analysts and policy makers to prioritise the development of energy efficiency indicators, and build Introduction 15 © OECD/IEA, 2014 16 1 Introduction meaningful indicators to support policy development and implementation. This publication is complementary to the Energy Efficiency Indicators: Fundamentals on Statistics (International Energy Agency [IEA], 2014), which provides guidance to developing a data collection programme to support the development of energy efficiency indicators. This manual dedicates individual chapters to each of the end-use sectors, namely residential, services, industry, and passenger and freight transport. The chapter The IEA methodology for analysing trends in energy consumption provides an overview of the analysis methodologies recommended, and associated benefits and caveats that will apply to all end-use sectors in conjunction with each individual end-use chapter
  • Roadmap for a Renewable Energy Future, 2016 Edition
    Author: International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA)The 2015 United Nations Climate Conference in Paris was a watershed moment for renewable energy. It reinforced what advocates have long argued: that a rapid and global transition to renewable energy technologies offers a realistic means to achieve sustainable development and avoid catastrophic climate change. Now that renewable energy is recognised as central to achieving climate and sustainability objectives, the challenge facing governments has shifted: from identifying what needs to be done, to how best to achieve it.
  • Africa 2030-roadmap for renewable energy future
    Author: International Renewable Energy AgencyAfricas economy is growing at unprecedented speed. One of the core challenges as African countries continue to grow and develop is energy: meeting rising demand for power, transport and other uses in a way that is economically sustainable and safeguards livelihoods. Economic growth, changing lifestyles and the need for reliable modern energy access is expected to require energy supply to be at least doubled by 2030. For electricity it might even have to triple. Africa is richly endowed with renewable energy sources, and the time is right for sound planning to ensure the right energy mix. Decisions made today will shape the continents energy use of decades to come. The world is increasingly embracing modern renewable energy technologies. For many years they have been supported because of environmental and energy security concerns but in a rising number of situations they are now seen as the most economic option. The use of modern renewables is growing in Africa, and fostering this growth is imperative. African countries are in a unique position: they have the potential to leapfrog the traditional centralised-utility model for energy provision. Africa 2030 is part of IRENAs global REmap 2030 analysis, which outlines a roadmap to double the share of renewables in the worlds energy mix within the next 15 years. It is based on a country-by-country assessment of energy supply, demand, renewable-energy potential, and practical technology choices for households, industry, transport and the power sector. The results are shown for five African regions. Africa 2030 analysis identified modern renewable technology options across sectors, across countries, collectively contributing to meet 22% of Africas total final energy consumption (TFEC) by 2030, which is more than a four-fold increase from 5% in 2013. Four key modern renewable energy technologies with highest deployment potentials for Africa are modern biomass for cooking; hydropower; wind; and solar power. The power sector presents significant opportunity to be transformed through the increased deployment of renewable energy technologies. The share of renewables in the generation mix could grow to 50% by 2030 if the REmap Options in this report are implemented. Hydropower and wind capacity could reach 100 GW capacity each, followed by a solar capacity of over 90 GW. For the power sector this would be an overall tenfold renewable energy capacity increase from 2013 levels. It would result in a reduction of 310 megatonnes of carbon dioxide (Mt CO2) in emissions by 2030 when compared to the baseline scenario
  • Enabling Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency Technologies
    Author: Ingrid Barnsley, Amanda Blank and Adam BrownIEA analyses have consistently pointed to the opportunity for renewable energy and energy efficiency to contribute to energy security, economic development and environmental protection goals, as well as to the crucial role of sound policy for supporting their maximisation. This publication considers policy options for supporting the deployment of renewable energy and energy efficiency technologies (RE&EET), as well as the surrounding factors that can support or indeed impede the successful implementation of such support policies. Consistent with the IEAs current collaboration with the EBRD, and given the high potential for further RE&EE deployment in these regions, the paper gives particular consideration to the Southern and Eastern Mediterranean (SEMED) region and the Early Transition Countries (ETC), while drawing on energy policy experiences globally. Given their extensive natural resource bases and projected growth in energy demand, the ETC and SEMED countries represent high priority energy regions. In spite of considerable variations in characteristics such as size, geopolitical circumstances, energy endowment and economic outlook, on the whole, the countries in these regions possess great unexploited potential for both enhanced renewables deployment and for improvements in energy efficiency. It is also notable that, for the most part, these regions are not accessing international climate and clean energy financing to the same degree as some other countries with similar levels of development. Well-designed government support for RE&EE may pave the way for increased access to such financing.
    Author: Kippra and ErcKenyas macro-economic environment has undergone significant reforms since the mid 1980s aimed at improving economic performance, attract investments, increase employment opportunities and incomes, and improve the productivity and efficiency of public investments. These reforms have inter alia included privatization by the Government, liberalization of commodity prices and exchange rate regimes and tacit withdrawal of the public sector in activities of a commercial nature. In tandem with reforms in other sectors of the economy, the Government has also undertaken structural reforms in the commercial segments of the energy sector, namely electricity and petroleum, with a view to improving the operational efficiency in the sector by eliminating distortions that existed hitherto, induce competition and allow energy prices to move in consonance with market fundamentals and attract investments into the sector. As Kenya aspires to be a middle income economy as envisaged in Vision 2030, it faces an enormous task of meeting energy needs due to the high expectations in growth to power the economy. The country therefore needs to come up with strategies and investment plans to secure sustainable supply of energy to meet the growing demand. The energy sector is considered a key enabler to achieving vision 2030. Electricity, petroleum and renewable energy are the most potential sub sectors. Even though wood fuels are the most consumed fuels in Kenya, petroleum and electricity are the most dominating fuels in the commercial sector. Other major energy consumption sectors apart from commercial sector, are transport, manufacturing and residential sectors. The purpose of this report is to present the findings of a study carried out by the Kenya Institute for Public Policy Research and Analysis (KIPPRA) on A Comprehensive Study and Analysis on Energy Consumption Patterns in Kenya, commissioned by the Energy Regulatory Commission (ERC).
    Author: UNITED NATION ENVIRONMENTAL PROGRAMThis report presents the results of a 2015 study of energy efficiency (EE) initiatives undertaken in African countries. This study, commissioned by the Copenhagen Centre on Energy Efficiency (C2E2), focuses on the areas of success, barriers encountered and improvements in access to energy for the general population. The aim of the study is to identify and suggest areas for future engagement in order to accelerate energy efficiency in the region.
    Author: PERIS KASAEEnergy is a critical input to the social economic development of anynation as well as to the protection of the nations environment. It fuels to industry, commerce, Transportation, agriculture and other economic activities. Energy is an essential component for the industrialization process. For a country to industrialize, adequate and affordable energy supply is a pre-requisite. The energy sector mainly comprises of electricity, petroleum and renewable energy (geothermal, wind, solar, biomass). The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between energy efficiency and operation performance in manufacturing firms in Kenya. The target population was 70 manufacturing firms out of 735 manufacturing firms as listed by Kenya Association of Manufacturers with a bias to firms that had conducted energy Audits. Three Key performance indicators to measure operation performance were used namely: Production, Electrical energy consumption and Specific electrical energy intensity ( SEEI). Data was analyzed in terms of the baseline data and the current data. The baseline data been the data before implementation of EEMs by the companies while the current data been the data collected in after implementation of EEMs. The data was analyzed using regression model. To test the relevance of the linear best-fit curve for energy consumption, production and SEEI, the Pearson correlation coefficient for both baseline and current data were examined. The study established a considerable use of EEMs by manufacturing firms in Kenya with 92% of the targeted firms having implemented EEMS. The study also established a positive relationship between the use of EEMs and operation performance. However, this observation was not conclusive since some companies displayed weak correction coefficients of the variables both at baseline and current level suggesting a need for further analysis.


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